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Conserving The Herpetofauna Of Anguilla

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Chapter Summary

The herpetofauna of Anguilla includes three amphibians, 13 or 14 lizards, three snakes, and six turtles, including four sea turtles (mariners) known to occur at least occasionally in Anguillian waters. I. delicatissima and the mariners are threatened primarily by habitat destruction and alteration tied to the growing human population and a burgeoning tourist industry. Populations of the endemic ground lizards, Ameiva corax and A. corvina, which are restricted to Little Scrub Island and Sombrero, respectively, and those of Sphaerodactylus sp. and Anolis gingivinus on Sombrero, appear to be stable, but might be vulnerable to stochastic events. Ground-dwelling species on Anguilla proper are potentially vulnerable to introduced predators, such as the small Indian mongoose, which is prevalent on nearby St.-Martin/St. Maarten. Despite its relatively small size, homogenous topography, and relatively low diversity, Anguilla supports at least four terrestrial and four marine reptiles that are of global concern.

Keywords: Anguilla; herpetofauna



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