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The Independence Of Epithets: Kharites, Virtues, & Other Nymphs In The ‘Gardens Of Aphrodite’

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Chapter Summary

Virtues surround Aphrodite-the goddess of mixis or mingling, not restricted to sex, love, and marriage-in Attic images painted during the Peloponnesian War. Such virtues as Eudaimonia , Eutykhia, Harmonia, Hygieia, Paidia, and of course Peitho could represent personal virtues as well as public virtues, and might therefore be interpreted on either level, or both simultaneously, when they appear in art that functioned in public and private contexts. This chapter discusses the use of vessels decorated with personifications in the context of weddings. The worship of the civic goddess, Aphrodite, was highly integrated into Athenian society. Cult personifications were also introduced through their association with Olympians, either as epithets or as subsidiary cult figures. Hygieia is found in the cults of three major deities at Athens : Athena , Asklepios, and Aphrodite.

Keywords: Aphrodite; Athenian society; cult personifications; epithets; Hygieia; Peitho; virtues



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