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Ephemeral Personifications: Civic Festivals And Other Peacetime Pleasures

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Chapter Summary

In the late fifth and early fourth centuries, Athenian artists personified many entities that were neither worshipped nor even known in literary arts. Basileia (Kingdom, Sovereignty, or Monarchy) and Soteria (Salvation) were personified only once each in the visual arts of late fifth century Athens . This chapter discusses personifications of some of the important public aspects of festivals: Pandaisia (Banquet), Pannykhis (Night Revel), as well as Pompe . It then considers a unique vase that may personify the festivals or spectacles themselves, as well as the months according to which they were organised. Finally, the chapter considers Attic personifications of the important Panhellenic festivals-Pythias (at Delphoi) and Olympias (at Olympia), and perhaps Nemea (the local personification of Nemea that stood for the festival games that took place at that Panhellenic centre).

Keywords: Athenian; Basileia; Panhellenic festivals; personifications; Pompe; Soteria



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