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Masculine People In Feminine Places: The Body Politic At Home And Abroad

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Chapter Summary

The popularity of local personifications dramatically increased at the end of the fifth century and into the fourth century, when artists seem to have created them ad hoc, for explanatory purposes. Their proliferation reflects a strong relationship between public art and political ideology in late Classical Athens. The personification of Attika might have stood in for Athena, in representing the people, as well as the land, but in fifth century vase painting Attika simply indicates where a particular event took place. Another way of representing a subsection of Attika , or of the people of Attika, is the personification of the phylai (tribes) into which the population of Attika was divided in 508/7, or demes (neighbourhoods) into which Attika had been traditionally divided and whose identities remained as part of the democratic organisation of the region: each deme belonged to one of the phylai.

Keywords: Athena; Attika; deme; local personifications; phylai



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