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The Mother Of Wealth: Eirene Revisited

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Chapter Summary

Athens' preoccupation with a Panhellenic peace-and the economic wealth that it would bring-is reflected in Athenian art. The actual eirene, however, eluded Athens. Ploutos was to be Eirene's gift that would save the people. An overview of the Greek attempts at peace will illuminate the historical circumstances that led to the popularity of Ploutos and his many mothers. Kephisodotos ' statue was copied on later gems and coins, as well as in the paintings and Roman marble replicas: a now lost gem, S 4g, may have rather copied the statue of Tykhe and Ploutos , S 6. Ploutos, the personification of Wealth, is best known from Aristophanes ' last play, Ploutos, but probably also appeared in the fifth century, in Sophokles ' Inakhos and Kratinos ' Ploutoi, and later in the fourth century comedies of Amphis and Antiphanes .

Keywords: Athens; Eirene; Greek; Kephisodotos ' statue; Ploutos



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