Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

From Oikos To Polis: Democracy And More Civic Virtues In Fourth Century Athens

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

During the waning years of the Athenian democracy (378-322) Athens transformed her civic virtues, such as demokratia and tykhe into cult personifications. In his efforts to renew Athens' fortunes after 338, Lykourgos (re)built temples and sanctuaries including one for Tykhe. The evidence for new cult personifications in 4th-century Attika comes from a diverse range of material. No sources indicate the direct relationship of Philia to Agathe Tykhe, but their joint association in cult implies a civic dimension that went beyond the traditional household reverence for Agathos Daimon and Agathe Tykhe. The only other evidence of the cult status of Philia is Hesykhios' mention of an altar to Philia on the Athenian Akropolis. Homonoia, concord, like philia, is a favourite concept of the fifth-century sophists and other pre-Socratic thinkers. Homonoia is said to have been the sister of Arete, and Ktesis, both daughters of Zeus Soter and Praxidike.

Keywords: Arete; Athenian Akropolis; Athens; Attika; Demokratia; Homonoia; personification; Philia; tykhe



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    <i>Polis</i> and Personification in Classical Athenian Art — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation