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Theme And Genre In 4Q177 And Its Scriptural Selections

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Chapter Summary

4Q177 has conventionally been classified as a "thematic pesher," or, more recently as "thematic commentary," or "eschatological midrash". This chapter suggests that the key to identifying the unifying theme of 4Q177 lies in the investigation of the criteria for the selection of biblical verses cited in the text. Standard descriptions of the base-texts in 4Q177 include the observations that the framing texts are taken from Psalms, with subordinate citations deriving from diverse prophetic works and, in one case, from Deuteronomy. The chapter focuses on the structure of columns I-III, but it also examine column IV, and the chapter discusses with some observations about subordinate citations and individual lemma/pesher sections. The chapter demonstrates that 4Q177 reflects a systematic use of biblical psalms as generic models, and that the citations function as formal building blocks in a literary structure, as well as lemmas for interpretation.

Keywords: biblical psalms; thematic pesher; theme of 4Q177



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