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4Q186. 4QZodiacal Physiognomy. A Full Edition

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Chapter Summary

The genre designation 'horoscope' was quickly applied to 4Q186 as the text was preliminary published, and the text came to be officially known as 4QHoroscope. 4Q186 is a list of physiognomic and astrological content. The text contains different physical descriptions of individual types of people. The text of 4Q186 is structured according to these physiognomic descriptions. The idea behind this order is that the human body may signify certain astrological data concerning the individual. 4Q186 can perhaps be seen as a text representative of the incipient stages of horoscopic astrology in Second Temple period Judaism, attempting to render concepts foreign to Jewish culture into Hebrew. The text may represent a translation effort of astrological terminology and concepts into Hebrew.

Keywords: 4Q186; Hebrew; Judaism



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