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Allusions To The End Of The Hasmonean Dyanasty In Pesher Nahum (4Q169)

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Chapter Summary

Through the accident of the early editorial selections Allegro was assigned most of the pesharim, which have produced much speculation. This chapter suggests a new framework for an historical context for these texts with a revisiting of several elements of Pesher Nahum. The most common geographical description of Israel in both biblical and Qumran texts is two-part, Judah and Ephraim. An accurate identification of the wicked ruler of these texts could also potentially help identify the wicked ruler's contemporary in the world of the texts, the elusive Teacher of Righteousness. 1QS reads as rules of a religious order, a Hellenistic association, a communally structured association of lay people, ruled over by priests. In the Damascus Document there is separation from the priests of the temple, an adversarial relationship, but that text postdates the Teacher and the Teacher's expulsion from the temple.

Keywords: biblical texts; Damascus Document; Pesher Nahum ; Qumran texts; Teacher of Righteousness



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