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Productivity Change In Eighteenth Century Finnish Shipping

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Chapter Summary

In this chapter, the analysis concentrates on the years from the 1770s up to the mid-nineteenth century, in order to trace the long term patterns of change and continuity. The sources for the study include official archives of which the most important are the annual reports to the Swedish Board of Trade on shipping and trade which were in turn based on customs accounts. The reports from Swedish and Danish Consulates offer information on eighteenth century Finnish shipping especially in the Mediterranean and make possible analysis of turnaround times in port. Neither labour nor capital nor organisational productivity increased significantly in the case of Finnish shipping in the late eighteenth century. Shipping as a whole played only a minor part in the Finnish economy though it was rather important in certain coastal towns. Shipping generated incomes that were used already in the late eighteenth century to establish some small-scale factories.

Keywords: eighteenth century; Finnish shipping; shipping productivity; Swedish Board of Trade

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