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The Sampang Verbal Agreement System

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Chapter Summary

The morphology of Sampang simplex verb forms clearly indicates that Sampang is a Kiranti language, where transitive verbs show agreement both with the agent. Within Tibeto-Burman, the Kiranti languages stand out on account of their complex verbal paradigms, a feature which explains the epithets of 'pronominalised' or 'complex pronominalising' commonly used to characterise them. Pronominalisation in Kiranti languages was first attributed to substratal influence from an Austroasiatic Munda language. This chapter discusses the detailed description of the allomorphic variation of each and every affix in the Sampang verbal agreement system. All identified morphemes of Sampang simplex morphology are distributed over one prefixal slot and ten suffixal slots. The morphemes of suffixal slots sf5 and sf7 are described in a single section because they share many allomorphic rules, and most of them also share function.

Keywords: allomorphic rules; Kiranti languages; prefixal slot; sampang verbal agreement system; suffixal slots; Tibeto-Burman

10.1163/ej.9789004194489.i-322.53
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