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Ergativity In Kundal Shahi, Kashmiri And Hindko

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on ergative patterns in three languages - Kundal Shahi, Kashmiri and Hindko - as they are spoken in the district of Neelam in Pakistan-administered Kashmir. The total length of the valley is about 150 kilometers. Both banks of the river Neelam are populated, with a few villages on the left bank under Indian control. The chapter investigates to what extent the language varieties of the Neelam Valley conform to the patterns of ergativity found in the wider region. An ethnic group known as the Qureshi, speaking the Kundal Shahi language makes up the majority population in Kundal Shahi village. This is the first ever study of the ergative patterns of these language varieties, and it is my aim to introduce these speech forms to the academic community and to invite more extensive studies of these hitherto undescribed languages.

Keywords: ergative patterns; Hindko; Kashmiri; Kundal Shahi; Neelam Valley



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