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Multi-Verb Constructions In Ecuadorian Quechua

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents the array of multi-verb constructions found in central Highland varieties of Ecuadorian Quechua, notably Salasaca Quechua. It also presents and analyzes the different constructions in Ecuadorian Quechua in which two verbs combine to form a complex predicate. After giving an overview of the main subordination strategies in the Quechua languages, illustrated with data from Peruvian varieties, the author presents the Ecuadorian Quechua case. Looking at multi-verb constructions in Ecuadorian Quechua, seven main types can be distinguished: (a) Verbal derivational suffixes, such as -naya causative and -chi desiderative; (b) Various types of infinitival verb clusters; (c) Various auxiliary constructions with ka- 'to be', involving past habitual, past potential or irrealis, and stative-like passive; (d) Complements of movement verbs, originally agentive marked; (e) Complements derived from quotatives; (f) Co-verb sequences; (g) A single bare serial verb in the comparative construction.

Keywords: Ecuadorian Quechua; multi-verb constructions; Quechua languages



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