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Multi-Verb Predicates And Transitivity Harmony In Shipibo-Konibo

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Chapter Summary

Shipibo-Konibo (SK) exhibits Transitivity Harmony restrictions in two types of multiverb constructions: (a) Asymmetrical verb combinations and (b) biclausal, same-subject constructions. This chapter briefly discusses instances of Transitivity Harmony in five additional Pano languages: Matses, Yaminawa, Kashinawa, Chakobo and Kashibo-Kakataibo, and suggests possible origins for some of the multiverb constructions. It investigates complex predicate constructions exhibiting Transitivity Harmony restrictions in SK. The chapter introduces the different valency changing/assigning mechanisms of SK verbs, and describes mono-word serial verb constructions exhibiting Transitivity Harmony. It deals with Transitivity Harmony in chained constructions involving phasal verbs, and presents data suggesting how certain chained expressions may develop into serial verb constructions. It also shows that Transitivity Harmony is found throughout the Pano family and in the Takana language Cavinena. Finally the chapter provides final remarks and some thoughts on the possible origins of Transitivity Harmony constructions.

Keywords: complex predicate constructions; Multi-Verb Predicates; multiverb constructions; Pano languages; Shipibo-Konibo; Transitivity Harmony



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