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'Derivational Verbs' And Other Multi-Verb Constructions In Aweti And Tupi-Guarani

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Chapter Summary

This paper describes the formal and semantic properties of the 'gerund' in AwetÍ, a Tupian language spoken by ca. 150 people in central Brazil in the Upper Xingu area. The paper provides an overview of the 'gerund' in TupÍ-GuaranÍ languages. After an introduction to nouns and especially to verbs and their moods in AwetÍ, the author gives a general description of the gerund constructions. He then presents a particularly intriguing feature, the possibility to 'invert' the finite and gerund verb. The author distinguishes different semantic types of constructions involving the gerund, and then observes the occurrence of mood, aspect and negation in gerund constructions, while in both cases providing a quantitative analysis of sample of 200 gerund sentences. Finally, the paper presents related forms and structures reported for TupÍ-GuaranÍ languages.

Keywords: AwetÍ; finite verb; gerund constructions; gerund verb; multi-verb constructions; TupÍ-GuaranÍ



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