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Angels Of The Aether

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines inscriptions intended for display, dated between the late-second and early-fourth centuries CE, which make reference to angeloi in pagan religious contexts. It examines examples scholars' arguments in favor of Jewish influence, Syrian influence, and local religious development. This study considers angelos inscriptions in light of the theories of Glenn Bowersock and Polymnia Athanassiadi, which suggest that Hellenic language and culture played a crucial role in allowing distinct and divergent religious traditions to communicate similar religious ideas through a common cultural and linguistic medium. It examines how the shared religious term angelos enabled distinct religious traditions to express similar beliefs in divine mediators in a mutually intelligible manner. The inscriptions reveal the manner in which distinct cults and religious traditions in the Aegean, Anatolia, Syria, Egypt, and Arabia used the Greek term angelos to express the religious concept of a mediator between humans and a supreme god.

Keywords:angeloi; angelos inscriptions; angels; Hellenic language; Jewish influence; pagan god; Syrian influence



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