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Chapter Summary

The three essays that Dong Zhongshu presented in response to imperial rescripts are probably to be taken as some of the most authentic expressions of his views. While Dong Zhongshu's responses included propositions for improving the training of officials, it seems that it was due to Gongsun Hong that appropriate action followed, and in some cases a considerable time elapsed before Dong's own ideas were implemented. Some of the chapters of the Chunqiu fanlu may reasonably be seen to accord with the views advocated or expressed by Dong in other writings or contexts. These would include those that concern the overriding part played by heaven in human affairs and that of Yin and Yang. Further research is required to examine how far the ideas or passages of the Chunqiu fanlu correspond with those of writings later stigmatised as apocryphal.

Keywords: Chunqiu fanlu; Dong Zhongshu; Gongsun Hong



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