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The Wholeness Of Chaos: Laozi On The Beginning

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Chapter Summary

In Daoism the origin of the universe is seen as a spontaneous creation without the intervention of a supreme divine being. This spontaneous creational process is however linked to the myths concerning the birth of Laozi as personifications of the Dao. In these myths many ancient elements of oral culture are preserved. Some are still orally transmitted in China today. As the creational process is seen as a form of gestation and birth, it can ultimately be considered in relationship to the union of man and woman, something that is equally fundamental in the Five Classics. Author has quoted the version of the Pangu myth together with that of Laozi to show that, according to these tales, the world was created as the result of the death of the First Being. The differentiation of energies out of the original chaos and birth of our universe are somehow tied to death.

Keywords: beginning; birth; chaos; creational process; Dao; death; divine being; Laozi; origin of the universe; Pangu myth

10.1163/ej.9789004194854.i-354.54
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