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Two Hymns As Praise Poems, Royal Ideology, And History In Ancient Israel And Ancient Egypt: A Comparative Reflection

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Chapter Summary

Examination of hymns and poems from ancient Egypt about royal victories or presumed victories in battle shows a number of hymns and poems that employ language similar to that found within the biblical corpus. A comparison of 2 Samuel 22, ostensibly authored by David at the victorious conclusion of an undefined battle, with the thirteenth century BCE Israel Stela of Merneptah, that document so beloved by biblical scholars because of its reference to the people Israel, presents many interesting and provocative parallels worthy of discussion. This chapter presents some parallels and includes discussions of the implications of the similarities and differences. The chapter concerns itself more with the context of how history is presented and its ideological concerns than with precise historical events.

Keywords: 2 Samuel 22; ancient Egypt; ancient Israel; biblical corpus; David; hymn; praise poem; royal ideology; Stela of Merneptah



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