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Urban II

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Chapter Summary

Urban, whose name was Odo (Eudes), was born into a noble family in Chatillon-sur-Marne around 1035. As pope, Urban II was a consistent continuator and promoter of the 'Gregorian' reform. This chapter presents a short description of the book Epistolae et privilegia, 'Letters and privileges' on Christian-Muslim relations. Relevant to Christian-Muslim relations are portions of Urban II's papal letters and privileges, as well as decrees and canons of church councils convoked by the pope, contemporary reports of Urban's actions and speeches, and fragments and testimonia in later sources. Urban II's letters and privileges, as well as other surviving documents that shed light on his thought and action, are of primary importance for understanding Christian-Muslim relations in the period concerned and far beyond that time, because of Urban's role as the initiator of the First Crusade.

Keywords: Christian-Muslim relations; Epistolae et privilegia; First Crusade; Urban II



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