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Chapter Summary

The Tomos is no more than one and a half pages long in Darrouzes' edition. It was the result of a religious controversy in which the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Comnenus opposed the clergy led by the patriarch of Constantinople, Theodosius Boradiotes, in April 1180. In the Tomos it is said that Muslim converts were uneasy about condemning God in this way, not being aware that a god holosphyros is not God, and therefore the Emperor Manuel I Comnenus proposed in a long letter to the synod that Anathema 22 be abandoned, so avoiding offense against the true God. The dispute can be considered as arising from an attempt by an open-minded emperor to respond to the requests of his Muslim subjects who wished to become Christians.

Keywords: Byzantine Emperor; Tomos



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