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Chapter Summary

This chapter deals with Christian-Muslim relations during the period 900-1200. The writers had very different points of view, depending on their diverse situations: close collaborators with kings or sultans, members of minority religious communities who often resented their inferior social status, observers who feared conquest by a powerful 'infidel' neighbor, etc. Feelings of military, political or social superiority (or inferiority) color many of the texts studied here. For example in the work of Abu Bakr Muhammad al-Razi, 61 of whose 184 works dealt with medicine. But the most important translations of medical works were made in Toledo, under the direction of Gerard of Cremona, between 1145 and 1187: ten texts of Galen, one of Hippocrates, and ten texts of Arab medical writers, including three by al-Razi and the Canon of Ibn Sīnā.

Keywords: Abu Bakr Muhammad al-Razi; Canon of Ibn Sina; Christian-Muslim relations; Galen; Gerard of Cremona; Hippocrates; medicine; Toledo



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