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Justin Martyr And His Demon-Ridden Universe

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Chapter Summary

In many textbooks of early-Christian literature Justin Martyr is represented as the founder of Christian humanism, a broadminded spirit who tried to establish the harmony of Christianity and Greek Philosophy. For Justin demons are important because they were the ones who in ancient times drove mankind to its perdition and have enslaved and dominated it ever since. At the same time he is convinced that they are presently heading for their final doom and that their dominion has in fact already been broken because of Christs complete victory over them on the cross. It seems apt to conclude that in spite of Christs decisive victory and in spite of the liberation from the demons imparted to Christians in the ritual of conversion and baptism, Justin and his fellow Christians saw themselves still confronted with a demon-ridden universe, in which they had to experience the demonic power in their own bodies.

Keywords: Christ; Christian literature; cross; demon-ridden universe; Greek philosophy; Justin Martyr



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