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“Being” And “Having” Sentences

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Chapter Summary

In the present tense only, the words יש and אין are used to create existential (being) and possession (having) sentences. Although יש and אין are not strictly verbs, they fulfill the function of the predicate in the sentence. Unlike verbs, יש and אין do not conjugate for tense and person, although they may be inflected with personal pronoun suffixes. In being sentences, יש expresses the notions of presence (in a particular place) or existence, and אין expresses absence or non-existence. In possession sentences, namely, sentences expressing the notions of having and not having, the preposition - ל accompanies יש and אין. The preposition may precede or follow these words. When incorporated in certain set expressions, יש and אין assume meanings other than being and having;. The chapter also discusses the use of אין for negation instead of לא.

Keywords: being sentences; having sentences; noun; preposition; present tense; pronoun suffixes; sentence; verbs

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