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Chapter Summary

The Nationalist forces had organizational deficiencies similar to those that the Shandong Bureau had before April 1942. Rather than a unified command, they had two separate chains of command. One was led by Shen Honglie, the provincial chairman and commander of the provincial security forces. The other was led by Yu Xuezong, commander- in-chief of the LuSu War Theatre. Despite Yu's hesitation to strike against the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), the CCP's relations with the Northeastern Army had deteriorated since the summer of 1940 because of CCP infiltration. The CCP forces elsewhere were on the run during Operation and did not retaliate. Although corruption, lack of discipline and incompetence in the Chinese collaborationist military and administrative systems damaged Japanese prestige, the troops who changed sides began to reshape the Japanese pacification campaign in North China.

Keywords: Chinese Communist Party (CCP); Japanese; LuSu War Theatre; Northeastern Army; Operation ; Shandong Bureau; Yu Xuezong



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