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Turning Point And Encroachments

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Chapter Summary

The outcome of the planned rotation between Yu Xuezong and Li Xianzhou was the unexpected unilateral withdrawal of the NRA regular forces from Shandong in July 1943. This opened the salt routes into the inland markets for the Shandong Bureau and also removed the last barrier to the CCP's dominance in rural Shandong. Because the withdrawal enabled the CCP to access the resources of unoccupied Shandong, approach the gateways to Manchuria and stockpile the materials needed for post-war redeployments into this industrialized region in their bid for national power, this turning point in the history of the Shandong CCP had national significance in China. With the disappearance of the fabi from the CCP zones, all prices except that of salt began major declines for the first time since the war had begun. The Japanese strategic redeployment in the fall of 1943 turned Shandong into a backwater in the war.

Keywords: CCP; China; Japanese; Li Xianzhou; Shandong Bureau

10.1163/ej.9789004198005.i-346.15
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