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The Campaign To Reduce Rents And Interest Rates

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Chapter Summary

As the Shandong Bureau's efforts to expel the fabi approached success in October 1943, the CCP Politburo issued to the Shandong Bureau and other regional subordinates instructions on intensifying implementation of "Ten Great Policies," which included a program of social reform as well as a campaign to reduce land rentals and interest payments on loans to peasants (hereinafter RIR). The background and implementation of these Politburo instructions in wartime Shandong reveals the nature of the CCP's agrarian revolution. The instructions issued by the CCP Politburo became the principal guidelines for the Shandong Bureau in its RIR campaign. During the Japanese offensive, most of the CCP village level administrative units collapsed and some of their cadres decided to help the Japanese. The failure of the RIR campaign reflected that the social disparity and resulting social conflicts that the CCP used to justify its revolution did not exist.

Keywords: agrarian revolution; CCP Politburo; interest payment; Japanese; land rental; peasant; RIR Campaign; RIR program; Shandong Bureau



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