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Open Access A Description Of The Dialects Of The Mzēnah And Baniy Wāṣil

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A Description Of The Dialects Of The Mzēnah And Baniy Wāṣil

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Chapter Summary

The largest tribe of the central, south and southeastern Sinai are the Mzenah (or Muzaynah). The much smaller tribe of Baniy Wāṣil live near the town of aṭ-Ṭūr and towards the east of it and in the western part of the massif of the central south of Sinai, where they are neighbours of the Awlad Sa_id and the Gararsah, who live to their north. The dialects of Mzenah (MzA) and Baniy Wāṣil (BWA) share some important characteristics, and are therefore treated in one chapter. Like in the other dialects of Sinai, *k and *q have unafffricated reflexes k and g. Compared to TAN, long ā in MzA is also noticeably higher in positions not influenced bij velarization, e.g. ṣiyyǟd "fisherman", riǧǧǟl "man", kiššǟf "flashlight", ʿiṭšǟn "thirsty". The type of pitch often heard in the speech of (predominantly older) men of group I was not heard in MzA or BWA.

Keywords: Baniy Wāṣil; Dialects; Garāršah; Mzenah; Sinai



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