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To Whom It May Concern: Miqṣat Ma‘aśê Ha-Torah (4Qmmt) And Its Addressee(s)

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Chapter Summary

Scholars of Miqsat Maʿaśe Ha-Torah (4QMMT) have concentrated on elucidating (1) the contours of Sadducean religious law, as adapted by the Qumran community; (2) the early stages of development of the Qumran community and its sectarian ideology; (3) early rabbinic accounts of pre-rabbinic sectarian controversies; (4) the influence of the Pharisees and their teachings on late Second Temple Jewish law and institutions. To begin with, of the approximately twenty extant rules contained in Section B of the composite text, not one identifies an opposing practice of the addressees. When we turn to the final section of 4QMMT, we find, as befits its parenetic, or exhortative, rhetoric, many more instances of second person address. The language of 4QMMT displays, among the Dead Sea Scrolls, a unique combination of proto-mishnaic, Aramaic, and biblicizing elements, making it difficult to locate within the history of ancient Hebrew.

Keywords: Hebrew; Miqsat Maʿaśe Ha-Torah (4QMMT); Qumran

10.1163/ej.9789004201095.i-628.18
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9789004201095.i-628.18
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