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Reducing Senatorial Control Over Provincial Commanders: A Forgotten Gabinian Law Of 67 BCE

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Chapter Summary

There are strong indications that the Gabinian law not only assigned a (new) province to one of the consuls of 67 sine sorte, on the model of the notorious lex Manlia of 107, but also that it introduced a couple of momentous novelties in the institutional history of the Roman Republic. In 74, after intensive lobbying by the consuls, the Senate overturned its previous s.c. de prouinciis consularibus by assigning Cilicia with the war against Mithridates To L. Licinius Lucullus and Bithynia as well as the Propontis with a fleet to his colleague, M. Aurelius Cotta, both assignments being made sine sorte. There is some good circumstantial evidence for supposing that the Gabinian Law on behalf of Acilius Glabrio also broke new ground in that it contained a clause concerning the duration of his provincial tenure.

Keywords: Bithynia; Cilicia; Gabinian law; L. Licinius Lucullus; lex Manlia; Mithridates; provincial tenure; Roman Republic; Senate



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