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Roger Bacon On Experiment, Induction And Intellect In His Reception Of Analytica Posteriora II 19

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Chapter Summary

This chapter sheds some light on an interpretation of APo. II 19 which was presented at the arts-faculty in the 1240's, being part of the earliest courses on Aristotle's Metaphysics after the bans on reading or lecturing on Aristotle's writings in 1210 and 1215. It hopes that this reference to Aristotle and Robert Grosseteste can provide an explanatory background for Roger Bacon's quite short remark regarding the cognition of axioms. In forming the universale complexum experimentale the mind can rely upon the simple universals that have already been grasped. This first step is described by him both as abstraction and induction. Ratio starts from sense-perception, from which it abstracts and induces the simple universal, the universale incomplexum. The second step, the actual grasping of the universale complexum, which is an apprehension of natural laws, consists of an inductive and an experimental element.

Keywords: APo. II 19; Aristotle; natural laws; Robert Grosseteste; Roger Bacon; universale complexum; universale incomplexum



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