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Aristotle On Causation And Conditional Necessity: Analytica Posteriora II 12 In Context

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Chapter Summary

In this chapter, the author analyses a relatively little studied chapter of Posterior Analytics, II 12, which may prove useful for the understanding of a debated question concerning Aristotle's theory of causation. The chapter is devoted to the question whether all kinds of causation involve necessitation. It falls into two parts. The first contains an analysis of Aristotle's argument according to which inferences about a causal process where cause precedes its effect in time should conclude from effect to cause, and not from cause to effect, if they are to be valid. The second part of the chapter uses this argument as a background for the analysis of the discussion of conditional necessity in natural processes in GC II 11, and in the work of two ancient commentators, Alexander of Aphrodisias and John Philoponus.

Keywords: Alexander; Analytica Posteriora II; Aristotle; Philoponus



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