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Language And Literature

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Chapter Summary

The activities of Roman Catholic missionaries in China strongly influenced all European presentations of Chinese philosophy and religion in early modern times. The first substantial European encounter with Confucianism took place at the end of the sixteenth century when Jesuit missionaries entered China. Up to the early nineteenth-century Europeans referred to Buddhism under a variety of denominations. In adopting the Chinese term for Buddha and Buddhism, encyclopaedias usually presented information on Chinese Buddhism under the headword 'Fo'. Apart from Confucianism, Buddhism, Daoism, and Christianity encyclopaedias also presented information on Muslims and Jews living in China.

Keywords:Buddhism; Chinese Philosophy; Christianity; Confucianism; Daoism; Jews; Muslims; religion



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