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Philosophy And Religion

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Chapter Summary

Eighteenth-century encyclopaedias referred to Chinese medicine under various headwords referring to practices like acupuncture or moxa and to the significance of the pulse. The taste for Chinese temples and Chinese gardens that emerged in Europe during the latter half of the eighteenth century led to an increased consideration of Chinese architecture and decoration in the presentations of English, French, and German-language encyclopaedias. Encyclopaedias also referred to the various materials used by the Chinese for interior designs. They mentioned that windows usually were made of paper or horn and that doors usually were made of fragrant wood, and floors of variously coloured marble. In his article on 'Chinese Music' inserted in Rees' Cyclopaedia, Charles Burney gave a sketch of the history of European knowledge on this subject up to the early nineteenth century.

Keywords:arts; Chinese medicine; Chinese music; sciences; technologies



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