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Chapter Summary

This chapter compares the Dutch and the Portuguese free and forced migrations as well as the free and coerced African and Eurafrican workers in the service of these two European sea powers in their Western African possessions. After examining these groups of migrants and employees, the chapter discusses how the organization of the labor markets in the Republic and Portugal influenced the recruitment of workers for the overseas areas and the way the Dutch and the Portuguese perceived the use of free and non-free labor in their possessions. It also describes how the different economic goals of the Dutch and the Portuguese for the Western Coast of Africa influenced their policy formation, economic development, and labor recruitment in these areas. Overall, the chapter provides insight in the types of societies which these two European sea powers developed on the African continent.

Keywords:Dutch; economic strategies; European migrants; forced migrations; labor migration; local recruitment; Portuguese



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