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Chapter Summary

The Dutch and the Portuguese initiated their Atlantic enterprises, they had a clear set of goals in mind. This chapter provides an insight into the institutions transferred by the Dutch and the Portuguese from their home countries to their Atlantic posts and settlements. In 1598 and 1599, the Dutch attempted for the first time to establish a post in Western Africa by taking over the outposts of São Tomé and Príncipe from Portuguese settlers. The most important duty of the captain to establish and maintain peaceful and friendly relationships with the African authorities and serve as an intermediary in conflicts between the indigenous kingships. The disputes between merchants, crews, garrisons and settlers in the Dutch and the Portuguese settlements forced the setting up of justice officials in Western Africa. Judicial institutions and procedures were transferred from the Republic and Portugal and integrated into the local governments of the African settlements.

Keywords:Atlantic; Dutch; Judicial institutions; Portuguese; São Tomé; Western Africa



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