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The Gospel And The Gospels (1979)

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Chapter Summary

The canonical gospels, according to Bultmann, are the result of a gradual expansion of the kerygma of Jesus' death and resurrection. The apocryphal gospels, moreover, are regarded within the critical consensus as deviations from the pattern of the canonical gospels. After Mark had created the gospel genre by this process of assimilation, the other canonical gospels followed suit. The apocryphal gospels, however, deviated much further from the Marcan pattern than did Matthew, Luke, and John. One type of collection of Jesus material found in the ancient church is a composite which includes miracles, sayings, and revelation matter, an in addition has a passion narrative. The four canonical gospels, belong to this variety. Since the other kinds of collections of Jesus material have their parallels in the genres of non-Christian antiquity, it seems probable that this Christian type would also. This chapter further discusses what the parallel is.

Keywords: apocryphal gospel; Bultmann; canonical gospel; Christian; Gospel of Mark; Jesus' death; kerygma; Luke; passion narrative

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