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A Final Word: From List To Axiom

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Chapter Summary

The analysis of the conditional form of Babylonian Omens shows that though the Omen statements certainly posit relations between phenomena that do not depend upon the physical and causal connections, so that the relation between protasis and apodosis is a logically valid one that furthermore can be classified with inferences expressed in the form of conditionals. The identification of rationality and of logic with the Greeks, and with Aristotle in particular, is deeply embedded in the Western intellectual tradition. The intellectual achievements of the classical period remain as compelling today as they were to contemporary scholars. Science is a cumulative enterprise, rooted in the basic human impulse to observe and explain. The changes are more consistent with a dynamic process of conceptual change than with a static model of accretion.

Keywords: apodosis; axiom; Babylonian; Omens; protasis



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