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A Fragment-Targum Of Onqelos From The Cairo Genizah

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Chapter Summary

Early fragments of targum to Leviticus and Job were discovered among the Dead Sea Scrolls. Numerous fragments of Palestinian targum and fragment-targum, expansive targumic toseftas, and liturgical targumic poems have turned up in the various collections of Cairo Genizah manuscripts throughout the world. The phenomenon of fragment-targum has been known for hundreds of years, among Ashkenazic and Sephardic manuscripts, as well as among the fragments of oriental manuscripts from the Cairo Genizah. However, the previously known fragment-targums were all extracts of the Palestinian Targum to the Pentateuch. This chapter presents the first extant example of fragment-targum of Onqelos. A comparison with the Palestinian fragment-targums to Numbers 1618 indicates that this is a unique text and that there is no textual or redactional relationship between it and its Palestinian counterparts, except for the fact that they may both be categorized as fragment-targums.

Keywords: Cairo Genizah manuscripts; Dead Sea Scrolls; fragment-targum; Onqelos; Palestinian Targum; Pentateuch; Sephardic manuscripts



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