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Serugin (Shorthand) Of Onqelos From The Cairo Genizah

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Chapter Summary

Serugin manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible are well known, ever since A. Neubauers article, The Hebrew Bible in Shorthand Writing. However, the phenomenon remained totally unattested among targum texts. M. Friedlander suggested that because the serugin texts did not have the same sanctity as the complete Hebrew Bible, they could be handled more casually. This also explained why so few serugin texts survived-because when they became worn and fell into disuse, they did not have to be confined to a genizah. It has more recently been observed that the serugin phenomenon may be related to massoretic activity, in addition to its serving as an economic technique to save on expensive writing materials. The three newly discovered serugin texts of targum shed some new light on the practice of the meturgeman in the Medieval eastern synagogue. The description of each of the new manuscripts and its method of abbreviation are presented.

Keywords: genizah; Hebrew Bible; serugin; targum



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