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Elias Levita And MS Neofiti 1

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Chapter Summary

In recent years, the name Elias Levita (14691549) has frequently been mentioned in connection with MS Neofiti 1 in two regards: 1) the copying of the MS; 2) the use of its text in the composition of his Aramaic lexicon, the Meturgeman. It now seems that both of these associations are ill-founded. Levita was himself a master scribe and is known to have employed several other scribes. The expression printed Targum Yerušalmi must refer to the Fragmentary Targum (TJ2) as published in one of the first two editions of the Biblia Rabbinica, since this was the only printed Palestinian targum in Levitas day. In conclusion, not only did Levita not have a hand in the writing of Codex Neofiti, 1, but he seems to have had little access, or none at all, to MS Neofiti 1 during the composition of the Meturgeman.

Keywords: Elias Levita; Meturgeman; MS Neofiti 1; Targum Yerušalmi



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