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The UN Special Rapporteur

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Chapter Summary


Human Rights issues were at the core of the conflicts in Bosnia, Croatia, Serbia and Macedonia during the period 1991 to 1995. This introductory chapter endeavours to trace the place accorded to human rights—or not—in the areas of conflict prevention, peacemaking, peacekeeping and peace building. While UN peacekeepers initially helped to protect the Croatian Serbs, in the end the latter would be expelled from Croatia by Croatian forces with the support of training, logistics and intelligence from the United States. The blueprints for peace in Bosnia worked out by Vance and Owen and Stoltenberg and Owen, and eventually embraced at Dayton, by providing for institutions such as the Human Rights Court for Bosnia and Herzegovina made useful contributions to peacebuilding. The chapter also presents an overview of how the other chapters of the book are organised.

Keywords:Bosnia; human rights


This chapter looks at the human rights framework of the treaty being negotiated by Lord Carrington in the European Community (EC) conference. It then summarises the principles of the London Conference. The chapter shows how Ahtisaari and his colleagues sought to build the peace negotiations on the Principles of the London Conference and on the principal international human rights instruments. It then discusses some of the difficulties experienced in implementing general principles in the course of complex and tortuous negotiations. The ICFY negotiators were taking principled positions on human rights through their contacts with the parties, their public statements, and the incorporation of human rights in the peace package.

Keywords:European community (EC) conference; human rights framework; ICFY; international humanrights law; London conference




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