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Le statut ontologique de la différence dans la Pratyabhijñā

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Chapter Summary

This chapter raises a question of what ontological status can be given to differences between the subjects and objects, apart from that of a pure and simple nothingness? if the objects and subjects of world are multiple and varied manifestations of consciousness. It is not easy to understand what the status the Pratyabhijñā intends to grant to the difference. Abhinavagupta alludes to the idea that entire differentiated universe is an illusion in passing, during discussion of the illusion that we experience in worldly existence when we confuse piece of pearl with silver. The recognition consists of saving intuition of fundamental identity of all things with the Self which can cancel consciousness of the difference. Abhinavagupta begins to mention what he considers as main thesis of Advaita Vedānta: the unity or non-difference is real, whereas the difference is illusion. The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: Abhinavagupta; Advaita Vedānta; consciousness; fundamental identity; ontological status; Pratyabhijñā



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