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One Nation

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Chapter Summary


This chapter presents an insight into the various themes discussed in the book. The book is a study whose main purpose is to explore the range of differences and distinctions between Judah and Israel, as reflected in the various forms of Old Testament literature: in narrative, historiography and, in some instances, in poetry. Taken together, these glimpses add up to a picture that allows to examine the extent of differences between the two regions in terms of their respective ways of life, faith and religious norms. Even their traditional narratives, in terms of literary composition and style, reflect separate ideologies and purposes. The study demonstrates how certain identifying literary and ideological features in the northern parts are identical to those in the historiographical sections of the Ephratite Composition, and that this school almost certainly includes some earlier elements, and its composition began before the division of the kingdom.

Keywords:Deuteronomistic school; Ephratite Composition; Israel; Judah; Old Testament literature


This conclusory chapter gives an overview of the present book. The first three chapters is focused, therefore, on a single aspect of the differences between Judah and Israel: religious lifestyle; attitudes toward the forefather and toward the mode of communication with God; and key points of their respective doctrines. The fourth chapter examines the biblical texts showing how the drive toward recasting the biblical historiography as the history of a single nation was a product of King Hezekiah's national reunification endeavor, and directly related to his religious reforms. In the final part of this chapter reviews the historical background information, and look briefly at the periods following Hezekiah's reign, to establish how well his reforms fared in the long term, and to postulate the conditions that ultimately enabled them to be adopted as the foundation of not just a common history, but of a coherent monotheistic theology.

Keywords:biblical historiography; Israel; Judah; King Hezekiah; monotheistic theology




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