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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the constant relationship between the Zeus-Jupiter and a Roman imperial power which claims natural liable to this high or "very high" religious figure. It presents an overview on the influence of the master of the Hellenistic and Roman skies and the rules of the Zeus-Jupiter. Several inscriptions indicate that the imperial power and its representatives tied particular importance to care for, embellish or dedicate temples dedicated to Zeus Jupiter in Syrian provinces. In Damascus, for example, the temple of Jupiter had several construction phases celebrated by epigraphy under Tiberius, Caligula and Domitian. From a theological point of view, the rule of Zeus-Jupiter recurs in imperial times. The chapter discusses the dedications to Zeus-Jupiter in favor of imperial power. Zeus-Jupiter was also a symbolic guarantor of justice and thereby the order of things, in a traditional and archaic perspective. The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: Hellenistic period; religious figure; Roman imperial power; Syrian provinces; Zeus-Jupiter



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