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L’organisation du culte impérial et les koina des provinces syriennes

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Chapter Summary

This chapter highlights the role of the client states Nabataea and Commagene in the dissemination and promotion of the imperial cult or representations of the Roman supreme power. Herod applied a Greco-Roman cultural policy type "universalist" which seems to be in perfect harmony with the imperial choice. The Semitic conception of an invisible deity requires a spiritual abstraction that encourages the ritual prohibition figurative representation. The chapter presents a brief overview on the cult of sovereigns Commagene: Aristocracy of the divinization. It is known that the deities of cultural background in both Greek and Iranian were chosen by Antiochus I to legitimize his power and his own cult. The chapter discusses the cult of sovereign Nabatean and the Palmyrene Sovereign in third century. The general situation of the Persian Empire renews a policy "Realistic" based on the delegation of high power. The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: Commagene; divinization; imperial cult; Nabataea; Roman supreme power



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