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Concerning The Terminology Of Al-Ḥarizi’s Virtues Debate

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Chapter Summary

The purpose of this chapter is largely to review the terminology of al-Ḥarizi's selection of virtues in light of Jewish ethical literature, each in their Hebrew translations by Judah and Samuel Ibn Tibbon respectively. Here a discussion of three of Plato's cardinal virtues is found: courage (gevurah), temperance (yir'at het, lit. "fear of sin"), and justice (shivui). It may have been through the influence of this work that al-Ḥarizi placed ḥokhmah and musar in succession since the two often appear as a pair in the Mivḥar ha-peninim. Al-Ḥarizi downplayed the elements of the ethical tradition that focused on virtue for its own sake and brought the elements of worldly gain to an entirely new level.

Keywords: al-Ḥarizi; Hebrew; hokhmah ; Jewish; Judah; Mivḥar ha-peninim; musar ; Plato; Samuel Ibn Tibbon



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