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Transfiguring Modern Temporality: Zhang Taiyan’s Critique Of Evolutionary History

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Chapter Summary

This chapter deals with the concept of history, especially history as evolution, that entered both China and Japan in the process of their confrontation with Western imperialism in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Chang Hao provides an overview of Zhang Taiyan's thought and a description of his &t;Buddhist worldview". Wong focuses on Zhang's modernity and nationalism and does not delve deeply into his Buddhist ideas. Laitinen shares Wong's modernist interpretation of Zhang, but focuses on his anti-Manchu ideas. Zhang does not just criticize theorists of evolution for using the present to negate the past; rather, he attempts to ground evolution as a double movement in the Yogacarin theory of karmic seeds. The modern theory of evolution begins with Hegel. Zhang focuses on the self's will to win, which he derives from self-conceit.

Keywords: Chang Hao; China; evolutionary history; Hegel; Japan; Laitinen; modern temporality; will to win; Wong; Zhang Taiyan



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