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War Crimes

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Chapter Summary

The system of international criminal law has developed the concept of war crimes on many occasions. War crimes were essentially categorized in the constitution of the International Military Tribunal for the Prosecution and punishment of the Major War Criminals. The first development toward the regulations of rules of war was under the 1907 Convention IV, Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land. Some of the concrete reasons for the development of the definition of war crimes in international criminal law are the Statutes of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) and the International Criminal Court (ICC). Islamic international criminal law was, almost, the first system of criminal law to codify rules for the conduct of international and noninternational war. The treatment of prisoners of war has been one of the central subjects of Islamic international criminal law.

Keywords: international criminal court (ICC); Islamic international criminal law; prisoners of war; war crimes



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