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Apartheid

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Chapter Summary

The system of international criminal law has widely recognised that discrimination between various races and groups constitutes an international crime. According to international criminal law, in order for a crime to be recognised as apartheid it must be committed against a group of individuals. Islamic international criminal law prohibits, prevents and criminalizes any type of discrimination between race, colour, language, belief or nationality. It may even be stated that Islamic law recognises two types of discrimination. One is open and the other hidden discrimination. There are different elements for the recognition of apartheid in Islamic international criminal law and the system of international criminal law. The most significant function of these elements is to identify a conduct as the violation of certain rules, the violation of which constitutes a crime or great sin and therefore punishable before a criminal court.

Keywords: apartheid; international criminal law; Islamic international criminal law

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